Common cold is the most common affliction in the world with high recurrence. Almost every human being suffers atleast once from cold in his/her life. Medically common cold is termed as a viral infection as its a contagious illness and is most common among children because of their unhygienic and carefree attitude. The most common virus for this ailment is “Rhinovirus” cause of atleast 35% of cold which occurs in human body. Some other members of the same family are adenovirus and coronavirus.
Normally human body starts showing a reaction 2 or 3 days after when it comes in contact with the virus. Some of the common symptoms are as follows
Nose and throat are the most affected area of body when cold occurs
Sneezing and running nose
Sometimes a mild fever
Since 90 % of common cold which occurs in human are not dangerous so, over the counter medicines from a pharmacy can be a perfect medicine for cold. Though cold itself gets cured in some days as human antibodies do not give shelter to its intruders. During cold a person should avoid using antibiotic due to its harmful effects on human body.
WHEN TO BE CONCERNED
If cold exists for more than a week then its a matter of concern as it doesn’t last that long and a person should immediately seek an advice from his doctor. A severe cold can lead to bronchitis, sinusitis, pneumonia, etc and is the major cause of asthma.
The best way to deal with cold is to take precautions and be hygiene conscious.
Giving the child some curd can help in curing cold as it has active cultures.
Make sure your child takes plenty of rest and drinks a lot of water.
If he can, make him some hot tea with a pinch of ginger and black pepper on it.
Make him have some tomato or chicken soup.
A good way is taking a steam as its unblocks the nose passage and gives relief while breathing.
Some precautions if taken can prevent you from getting common cold like, teaching your child hygiene – be cautious when you eat something; avoid using the common napkins or towels, always wash your hands after shaking it with other people as it prevents the transmission of virus.