Autism is characterized as a neurodevelopmental disorder of children. The social interactions-both verbal and non-verbal and social communications are hampered and the child manifests a repetitive behaviour.
This disorder adversely affects information processing in child’s brain. It is considered as one of the three major identifiable disorders is ASDs- autism spectrum. However the rest of the two are pervasive developmental disorder and Asperger syndrome.
Autism has strong genetic influence and its occurrence is around 1-2 per cent among 1000 people across the globe. Autism is seen more in boys than in girls, about four times more.
It is a lifelong disability and adversely affects the way an individual communicates and associates with others and with the environment.
Symptoms of Autism-
The three chief problem areas experiences by a person with autism are-
Problem in social communication
Problem in social interaction
Problem in social imagination
Individuals with autism might face difficulty in speaking and understanding language. Some might not even speak or might have very limited speech. They understand others’ words and statements and use alternative ways like visual symbols or sign language to express what they feel.
Sometime people with autism can speak fairly well but usually repeat other’s statements-this is called echolalia.
They have difficulty in identifying other’s sentiments or emotions. Socializing with others is quite difficult with them.
They sometimes might begin an inappropriate conversation
Their behaviour might appear insensitive as they hardly realize other’s sentiments.
They prefer spending time in solitude and avoid other’s company.
They feel uncomfortable in socializing with others.
They behave weirdly inappropriate whenever they are unable to communicate others.
The accurate causes of autism are unknown but experts believe that this neurodevelopmental disorder is a combination of both environmental and genetic factors affecting the development of brain
Well, there is no exact remedy for autism, however a number of behavioural intervention methods are available that can enhance development and learning of the autistic child.
The role of parents in handling an autistic child is very important; they have to be patient and should spend time with the child.
The gap between parents should be bridged for a bright future of the child. Your child needs your warmth and support. Encourage him in his trivial activities and try to be his/her best friend. You can even consult a child’s psychiatrist to know more about the proper ways to deal with an autistic child.