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Roseola In Toddlers: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

4 min read

Toddlers are quite vulnerable to many diseases. Roseola is considered a common contagious viral disease that can be seen in toddlers age six months to 3 years. It is also well known by the name of the sixth disease or Roseola infantum. It can occur at any time of the year but is mainly seen in toddlers, especially in the spring and autumn seasons.
To study this infection in detail, Let us have a look at the causes, symptoms, and treatment of Rosella:

What Is Roseola And What Causes It In Toddlers?

Rosella is a viral infection caused by the virus human herpesvirus six or the human herpesvirus seven, but HHV-6 is the most common cause of this disease. It is a hazardous disease that can be spread easily as it causes high fever in toddlers followed up by skin rashes all over the body.

How Does A Toddler Get Roseola?

As discussed above, Roseola is a transmittable infection. That means, it can be affected by one person to another. Just like a cough and cold, this infection spreads very fast like your child just had water from the same mug that an infected child had must be affected by Rosella. So, keep a check that your baby does not come in contact with the affected baby.

Is Roseola Contagious?

Yes, Roseola is a transferable viral infection. It spreads fast from an infected child to another child. Even if rashes can’t be seen, it can cover at an early age also. So keep a check that your child does not come in contact with the infected person. It is mainly seen in older toddlers because they have less immunity as compared to newborns. A newborn baby gets their immunity from the mother’s womb and is less prone to this infection.

What Are The Symptoms Of Roseola In Toddlers?

It takes about one to two weeks to show symptoms of Roseola after the entry of the virus in the body. Primary symptoms of Roseola are:

  • High fever more than 103F (lasts up to 3 to 5 days)
  • Rashes: With the onset of high fever, rashes also appear. They start from the chest, back, and abdomen and then spread to the whole body.
  • Decreased appetite
  • Swollen eyelids
  • Mild diarrhea
  • A sore throat
  • A runny nose or a cough
  • Irritable behavior of child due to these symptoms

What Are The Complications Of Roseola In Toddlers?

Complications in terms of Roseola infection are rare. Healthy children recover from Roseola rapidly. Given below are some complications associated with Roseola in Toddlers:

  • Seizures: This is the main complication that can be seen at the times of Roseola in toddlers.
  • High fever: High temperatures accompany these seizures. The toddler must lose his consciousness too.
  • Jerking legs, arms, and head, etc.: You will generally see that there is jerking of legs, arms, and head for several minutes. If you see this kind of complication, seek assistance from your doctor.

How Is Roseola In Toddlers Diagnosed?

Unusual symptoms of high fever accompany roseola with rashes on the body:

  • Physical Examination: The doctor examines the toddler’s body, which is the first diagnosis done in the case of Roseola.
  • Blood Test: In case the symptoms are not so accurate, the doctor may ask for a blood test too. The blood test will provide ac urate analysis and help in accurate identification of Roseola.

How Is Roseola Treated In Toddlers?

Roseola infection takes about 4 to 5 days or a week to recover.  There is no such specific treatment for Roseola, as antibiotics do not help in treating viral illness.  The doctor may prescribe medication ganciclovir that is an antiviral medication. In terms of high fever, acetaminophen or ibuprofen can be given to the toddler but by taking the advice of a doctor.  Bed rest is the main key.

What Is The Home Care For Toddlers With Roseola?

Just like other viral infections, Roseola also takes its time. Once the symptoms like fever and rashes start falling, your child will start feeling better. Due to high fever and rashes, your child may become irritable and uncomfortable. Some home treatments can help your child to recover fast and get relief from these symptoms:

  • Rest: Rest is the key to recover from this contagious infection. Make your child rest in bed until the fever falls down.
  • Fluid therapy: Make your child drink plenty of fluids including warm water and some beverages that may give him relief from a sore Drinks like clear soups, ginger ale, clear broths, glucose, etc. not only will provide energy but will help in keeping the child hydrated.
  • Apply Coconut Oil On The Rashes: Rashes may be itching and irritable for your child. There is no specific medication for rashes; it will take time. You can apply some coconut oil to it or just rub it smoothly with your hands so the child may get some relief.

How To Prevent Roseola In Toddlers?

Given below are some of the preventive measures that can act as helping guide for the mothers in order to protect their toddlers from this disease:

  • Keep your baby away from the people who are suffering from high fever.
  • Keep your baby neat and clean and try to keep his clothes and surrounding tidy.
  • Proper sleep of 8 to 9 hours can be very beneficial for your toddler.
  • Make sure that your toddler does not inhale the coughing or sneezes of an infected person.
  • Maintain a proper diet as prescribed by the baby’s doctor.
  • Also, make sure that your child is away from all the washing liquids and adult creams, which might not be suitable for the baby’s skin.

There is no vaccine that can fully cure your child of Roseola, but with proper guidance, the support and care of a doctor can surely act as a fruitful remedy for it. A toddler can easily recover in 7 to 11 days if the parents have taken good care of it; otherwise, it might take more time for recovery in case of severe conditions. So, let your toddler take full rest and recover fully with time.

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